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 Dardanelles Gun bombardes de siège Ottomanes en bronze

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Date d'inscription : 17/08/2009
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Localisation : Cellieu en Lyonnais

MessageSujet: Dardanelles Gun bombardes de siège Ottomanes en bronze   Mar 13 Aoû 2013 - 7:21

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dardanelles_Gun

The Dardanelles Gun[3] (Şahi in Turkish) or Great Turkish Bombard[2] is a 15th-century siege cannon, specifically a super-sized bombard, which saw action in the 1807 Dardanelles Operation.[4]





Type Bombard
Service history
Used by Ottoman Empire
Wars Dardanelles Operation (1807) and Battle of the Dardanelles (1807)
Production history
Designer Munir Ali[1]
Designed 1464[1]
Specifications
Weight 16.8 t[2]
Barrel length 518 cm[1]

History[edit]The Dardanelles Gun was cast in bronze in 1464 by Munir Ali with a weight of 16.8 t and a length of 518 cm, being capable of firing stone balls of up to 63 cm diameter.[1] The powder chamber and the barrel are connected by the way of a screw mechanism, allowing easier transport of the unwieldy device.

Such super-sized bombards had been employed in Western Europe siege warfare since the beginning of the 15th century,[5] and were introduced to the Ottoman army in 1453 by the gunfounder Orban (from Brasov, Kingdom of Hungary) on the occasion of the Siege of Constantinople.[6] Ali's piece is assumed to have followed closely the outline of these guns.[6]

Along with a number of other huge cannon, the Dardanelles Gun was still present for duty more than 350 years later in 1807, when a Royal Navy force appeared and commenced the Dardanelles Operation. Turkish forces loaded the ancient relics with propellant and projectiles, then fired them at the British ships. The British squadron suffered 28 dead through this bombardment.[4]

In 1866, on the occasion of a state visit, Sultan Abdülâziz gave the Dardanelles Gun to Queen Victoria as a present.[7] It became a part of the Royal Armouries collection and was displayed to visitors at the Tower of London and was then moved to Fort Nelson, Hampshire, overlooking Portsmouth.[8]


Et just for fun la list des plus gros canons classés par époque http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_the_largest_cannon_by_calibre lol! 

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